Mesoamerican calendars show an astonishing amount of similarity to the Hebrew/Biblical and ancient Eurasian calendars. Really, its hard to believe these calendar systems developed completely independent of each other without some type of diffusionary influence. The Inca calendar & Quipu are far closer to what might be expected from a culture that developed in 12,000+ years of complete isolation from Eurasian thought. Although essentially ALL the ancient calendars of the world have been continually modified by various rulers for various purposes, most of the calendars in the near-east/eurasia show evidence of cultural diffusion from one to another despite the repeated modifications and corrections made to them.
A great example of this is the ‘Metonic Cycle‘. It’s unknown when the Metonic Cycle was invented, but attributes of the cycle were shared between many near east calendar systems including the ancient Babylonian and modern Hebrew Calendars. Much like the Mayan Sacred Round, the Metonic Cycle consists of a period of 18/19 years after which the phases of the moon recur on the same day of the year. In the Jewish/Hebrew calendar, the 19 year cycle is used to tie together the lunar & solar calendars by keeping track of the 12 common (non-leap) years of 12 months and 7 uncommon (leap) years of 13 months. To automate this correlation, the Greeks even invented a mechanism very similar to the Mayan calendar round ‘wheel’ to sink their three calendars. Called the Antikythera Mechanism this device synced the solar, lunar and sacred calendars of the Mediterranean world during the Greek era BC. Note that the Hebrew, Metonic and Mesoamerican Tzolkin all tracked the lunar cycles in a similar ‘separate sacred or prophetic calendar’ (often related to Venus). The Hebrew lunation’s following a 255:18.5? period, the Metonic a 235:19 (235 lunations/months in 19 years) ratio and the Maya a 260:18. With this system, the Jewish calendar deviates from the solar year by only 1 day in 216 years. (So to keep it inline they could simply add a leap day each 216 yrs or 2 leap days every 432 yrs)
Of particular note are the following remarkable similarities between the Mesoamerican calendars and the Near-eastern/Eurasian calendars of antiquity. Note the following:
- They both start from similar Anno Mundi epochs or ‘date for the creation of the world’. (Hebrew Cal: 3761 BCE, Mayan: 3114- BCE, Chinese: 2671 BC)
- They both have a ‘long count’ and a ‘short count’. The long count tracks days/years from creation, and the short count is a ‘sacred’ calender used to track days/years within a smaller religious cycle (the Haab & Tzolkin for Mayans; the Jubilee & Sabatical Year for Jews)
- They both have similar Jubilee years (Hebrew Calendar: every 49/50 years, Maya: 52 years). Also compare with the Chinese Sexagenary Jupiter cycle.
- They both have similar Great Sabbatical Years (Hebrew Calendar: every 70 years, Maya 73 years)
- They both have important 13 cycle periods (Hebrew Calendar skipped between 12 months on a regular year, and 13 months on ‘leap’ years.) The Mesoamerican ‘sacred round’ or Tzolkin also uses a cycle of 13 units of 20 days (the same length as their month) in a way still not understood. (Might the Tzolkin be marking months/weeks?)
- They both have an important 19 unit cycle. The Hebrew uses the Metonic 19 year cycle to place 7 leap months with 12 non-leap months in a 19 year cycle. This is strangely similar to the Mesoamerican 18/19 unit Haab. Especially curious are the 7/10 “variants” of the Haab, which seem eerily like they could be marking which units have leap units being added. (Might the Haab be marking years in a Matonic-like cycle/Jubilee instead of months/days?)
- They both have a significant ‘aligning’ of the Sabbatical and Jubilee years. See the way Daniel 9 uses 490 as 70 ‘weeks’ or 10 Jubilees (70×255.5 and 49×365-d = 49 years). Compare that with the way Ixtlilxochitl uses 10 ’rounds’ or 52 year ‘Calendar Rounds’ (where lunar/ritual Tzolk’in cycle aligns with solar Haab cycle- 73×260-d Tzolkʼin days and 52×365-d Haab days = 52 years). So a epochal calendar round was 490 in bible (see Daniel 9), and 520 among Aztecs (see Ixtlilxochitl for an explanation of this).
- They both seem to have special regard for the number 144,000 (length of Baktun in days, also in Bible in Revelation 7:3–8, 14:1, 14:3–5).
- There is a WILD correlation between the use of the tzolkin– and haäb-cycle 52 year round’s FOUR signs & directions (see this image! or last 30sec of this video) and the Chinese Sexagenary Cycle. Not only are they written identically with 2 characters pairs, but the ‘earthy branches‘ part of the cycle is divided into four animate glyphs matching with coordinate directions! The babylonians & near-easterners did this with degrees/minutes/seconds in maps too. (I suspect that by studying the Chinese Sexagenary Cycle, we’ll be able to unravel the Mesoamerican Tzolk’in and how it tracks seasons with the direction, and tracks Venus like Israel & Egypt instead of Jupiter like China)
I suppose one could argue that these similarities simply have to do with the celestial cycles being tracked, but I think that’s a stretch. There’s little in nature that would make them choose such similar creation dates or ‘Jubilee/Venus’ correlations. Note that Mesoamerica has over 60 Calendar systems, nearly all of them use the same cycles mentioned above.
How to Interpret Mesoamerican/Mayan Dates
Mesoamerican/Mayan dates can be specified two different ways. One is by simply using the Long Count. With this system you simply count the number of days/years from the “creation date”, which is thought to be 3114 BC. (Although that date is debatable and certainly could have changed over time, much like the ‘beginning’ dates of Hebrew/Western Calendars.) The other is the Short Count or sacred round cycle that we’ll get to in a minute.
Just like the year date in a Julian system counts from the time of Christ, or a year on the Hebrew calendar counts from the creation year of 3761 Anno Mundi. A typical Long Count date has the following format: Baktun.Katun.Tun.Uinal.Kin, (year×400.years×20.year×1.month.day). Note it reads from right to left instead of left to right, and uses a vigecimal/base-20 system instead of a base-10 like ours). Since it is also believed that the ‘years’ were computed using 360 days instead of 365.25 days, you must CONVERT each year accordingly. This is usually done by multiplying the whole number into days and then dividing by 365.24 to get back into true years. However, note that computing the left 3 digits without any conversion usually gets you within 22-36 years of the date. (Since most dates range from 500 BC to 1000 AD and missing 3.25days×in 2500-4000 years = 22-36 years.)
- Kin = 1 Day.
- Uinal = 20 kin = 20 days.
- Tun = 18 uinal = 360 days = ~1 year.
- Katun = 20 tun = 360 uinal = 7,200 days = ~20 years.
- Baktun = 20 katun = 400 tun = 7,200 uinal = 144,000 days = 400 ‘long count‘ years.
The kin, tun, and katun are numbered from 0 to 19 (20 numbers); the uinal are numbered from 0 to 17; and the baktun are typically numbered from 1 to 13 (like the Tzolkin/sacred round). The Long Count has a cycle of 13 baktuns, which will be completed 1,872,000 days (13 baktuns) after 0.0.0.0.0. This period equals 5125.36 years and is referred to as the Great Cycle of the Long Count (thus the 2012 hype. see ‘creation day’ section).
Lets walk through the example of 18.104.22.168.17 given in the image above…. Note that just adding up the left 3 digit year size gives us 4+0+5200=5204 years. Which added to 3114 BC, gives us 6-17-2090 AD. But thats using 360 day years/20 day months and gives a number roughly 70 years off from the true converted date using the precise 365.24 days/year number. To get the generally accepted ‘true’ date we must, first compute the ‘days’ by taking the years and multiplying by 360 (5204×360=1,873,440) then add the months and days together (6×20 + 17 =137). Now add those months & days to the days of years we got (1,873,440+137=1,873,577 days). Now divide that by 365 (1,873,577 days/365.1 days=5131.6 years). Now add that to the creation date of 3114 A.M. and it gives us (-3114 + 5131 = 2017 AD). A few things you should notice if you’ve followed along or played with this in excel, is that if the Mesoamericans used ANY intercalary days it could quickly change the long count by years. (For instance some Mesoamerican cultures might have already added in the 5.24 missing intercalary days so that no conversion is necessary.) For instance, if they just threw in ‘uncounted’ festival days (like the Israelites likely did) then a given long count date computed the standard way could easily be off by up to 22-36 years (3.25 days in 2500-4000 years = 22-36years). Also the creation date is crucial. And since different scholars and archaeologists have posited creation dates ranging from 3100 – 3400 BC, then we must admit that any given long count date could also be off by that amount). Although this is where the Tzolkin and the Haab calendars come in.
Accessory Dates. A Mesoamerican calendar date can also be specified by by its position in both the Solar Round (Haab) and the Sacred Round (Tzolkin) calendars (or their Zapotec/Aztec equivalents). These combinations create a total of 18,980 unique dates, which are used to identify each day within a cycle called the ‘Calendar Round‘ cycle lasting about 52 year. (18,980 days/365=52 years)
Creation Date. The Mayan Anno Mundi used in ancient Mayan long counts was lost in prehistory, and has had to be determined by archaeologist using a combination of logic, radiocarbon dating and astronomical events found in monuments and codices. The current predominate date is the GMT or Goodman-Martinez-Thompson correlation. Despite a good amount of evidence it is by no means a sure correlation, the possibility that DIFFERENT kingdoms/cultures used a different creation dates MUST be considered. Note that Oahspe puts the ‘end of the age at March 31, 1848 instead of Dec 21 2012, which if true would make the GMT correlation off by 164 years. Early radiocarbon dates at Tikal seemed to match best with the Srosim—– which was 2– years earlier. (add these, as well as list of alternatives with references)
The Sacred Round (Tzolkin): The 260-day calendar is called the Sacred Round, or the Ritual Calendar; tonalpohualli in the Aztec language, Tzolk’in in Maya, and piye to the Zapotecs. Each day in this cycle was named using a number from one to 13 (a trecena), matched with 20-day names in each month (20 × 13 = 260). The purpose of the Sacred Round is not understood. Theories include correlating cycles of the moon, 9 months of gestation, Venus cycles combined with observations of the Pleiades and eclipse events and potentially appearance and disappearance of Orion. (Is it possible the 13 stands for the Hebrew Months? Or perhaps the 13 non-leap years in a Jubilee?)
The Solar Round (Haab): The 365-day solar round, was also known as the Solar calendar or Haab’ to the Maya, xiuitl to the Aztec, and yza to the Zapotec. It was based on 18/19 named months, each matched with the 20 days of the month, with a five day period of ‘uncounted days’ (19th month) to make a total 365. [I don’t quite get how its different from the month.day (Uinal.K’in) of the Long Count. Wouldn’t it be the same? Is it just a shortened form of it?]. Its use of 7-10 “variants” makes it seem like its marking units which have leap units added, just like you’d mark the 7 leap month years of the Jewish Metonic Cycle.
Understanding the Three Celestial Cycles: There are three very obvious celestial events which most cultures have used to track time and align celebrations/holidays with and they involve the brightest orbs in our sky; the Sun, the Moon and Venus.
The first is obviously the solar year. It controls the seasons and thus is the most important. Its length is 365.242 days for the tropical or synodic year (one revolution from equinox to equinox) or 365.256 for the Sidereal year (one revolution in relation to viewing fixed stars or constellations). This cycle controls the length of the day, temperature and seasons, so obviously ancient cultures wanted to commemorate the equinoxes so they knew when summer and winter were coming and going.
Second is the lunar cycle. It controls the tides, fish harvests and possibly even child bearing. One full lunation or lunar cycle as viewed from earth is 29.53 days making each quarter phase last about 7.4 days. Lunar cycles fit into the solar cycle 12.48 times, so it is natural to fit 12 ‘moonths’ into a year. However those 12×29.53 days only equal 354.36 days so we’re left with 10.882 ‘left over’ days where the lunar year grows out of alignment with the solar year. (That’s a bit more than a full month each 3 years! — so more about that later.)
Third is the Venus cycle. Venus is often the most obvious star in the sky because it nearly always either precedes or follows the suns rising and setting. Because of this ‘coupling’ with the sun, its often called the ‘evening and morning star‘ and is represented as a son or bride to the Sun in mythology. (Jesus/Messiah is referred to as the Morning star in 2 Peter 1:19, Job 38:7, Rev 22:16, Num 24:17) It’s cycle or period is usually measured from one of its transits/conjunctions across the sun to another (where it switches from morning star to evening star). A process which takes 584 days. 263 as a morning star, 50 days absent behind the sun/below the horizon, then 263 days as an evening star, and finally, 8 days absent/obscured by solar glare (and sun being at its back) when between the Sun & Earth. See video here.
Understanding the Venus Cycle: It is VERY likely the sacred round or Tzolkin tracked the Venus cycle and somehow tied it to the solar (and lunar?) year. As mentioned above, Venus is a “morning or evening star” for approximately 260-263 days each year. And 5 synodic periods/orbits of Venus is almost exactly 8 Earth years (& 13 sidereal Venus years). So it lines up 5 times each 8 years, 15 times each 24 years, 25 times each 40 years 30 times each 48 years and 50 times each 80 years. These periods are VERY handy for a culture that counts by 5’s and 20’s. So lets explore how this might relate to the Sacred Round and or Jubilee. Finish. (is it possible the 260 sacred round did not immediately repeat? but ‘waited’ each Jubilee or ‘week’ festival when Venus was hidden?
- Do the Jewish spring and fall festivals line up with the spring and fall equinoxes at some point in the 52 year Jubilee? (note, this would be latitude specific)
- Did the Mulekites/Nephites purposefully travel to the same latitude as Jerusalem (31.5 N), or Sanai (28.5) in order to build a city & temple where the calendar matched the Jewish feast/holidays? Did Nephi ‘modify’ the calendar and holy days to fit Monte Alban, and then Mosiah do the same to fit Cholula (so that the sacred round is changed from 59/80/52 in order to work with the equinoxes of those cities?)
- The feast of weeks (7 weeks after Pentecost) is a microcosm of Jubilee (7 sabbaticals after what?). Is there some correlation here? Might the sabbatical years actually be intended to represent the 7 ‘leap months’ added every 19 years? Might the sabbath day be meant to be a ‘leap day’ which wasnt counted, so that two 14 day ‘weeks’ could actually be 12 days long (matching the months/zodiac)?
- Is it possible that the The Hebrew calendar tracks each 19 years, inserting its leap month 7 times in the 19 years. Leaving 13 years untouched. This seems strangely similar to the Haab and Tzolkin? Could the Haab originally have been 19 year coefficients instead of 18 months? Could the 13 Tzolkin coefficients be related?
- How does the Oahspe cosmic serpent calendar correlate to the Egyptian/Jewish one? Did they match the cube/sum to the 4 seasons & creation/destruction periods of the Aztec Calendar? Did they match the 7.5 Dan’has to a week? Did they match the 12 squares to the months & zodiak? (chart this on a circle and see if you can make sense of it). Is the 144,000 years of a ‘cube’ supposed to correlate with the 144,000 days of a Baktun (~400 years)? I suspect these are only VERY loosely correlated, the Oahspe calendar being much older, and only partially available to Israel. (they were more just trying to match the sacred numbers to their festivals and seasons)
Examples of Mesoamerican Dates
- Dresdin Codex Venus Tables: Used to find GMT correlative date. Supposedly gives dates of the rising and setting of Venus. https://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/ciencia/dresden/dresdencodex04.htm
|Monte Alban||Stelae 12 & 13||594 BCE||4snake, 8flower and 10jaguar, 4something||https://cpb-us-e1.wpmucdn.com/blogs.uoregon.edu/dist/7/5151/files/2013/12/DSCF8526-2a7la1b.jpg|
|Monte Alban||Danzante Figure||March 16, 692 AD||barely legible Haab? of 4-something||https://cpb-us-e1.wpmucdn.com/blogs.uoregon.edu/dist/7/5151/files/2013/12/DSCF8524-1zlij16.jpg|
|site||Name||GMT (584283) Date||Long Count||Location|
|Takalik Abaj||Stela 2||236 – 19 BCE||7.(6,11,16).?.?.?||https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Takalik_Abaj#/media/File:Abaj_Takalik_Stela_5.jpg|
|Chiapa de Corzo||Stela 2||December 6, 36 BCE /|
October 9, 182 CE
|Tres Zapotes||Stela C||September 1, 32 BCE||22.214.171.124.18||https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Estela_C_de_Tres_Zapotes.jpg, |
|El Baúl||Stela 1||March 6? 11 – 37 CE||126.96.36.199.12,|
|Takalik Abaj||Stela 5||August 31, 83 CE or|
May 19, 103 CE
|This interpretation is horrible! Do your own.|
|Takalik Abaj||Stela 5||June 3, 126 CE||188.8.131.52.11||https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Takalik_Abaj_Stela_5.JPG|
|La Mojarra||Stela 1||May 19, 143 CE||184.108.40.206.5 | glyph-18||https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4b/La_Mojarra_Stela_1_Schematics.jpg/1200px-La_Mojarra_Stela_1_Schematics.jpg (left most date)|
|La Mojarra||Stela 1||July 11, 156 CE||220.127.116.11.7 (or 9.9?)||Once again, (or) interpretation wrong for some reason… why?|
|Near La Mojarra||Tuxtla Statuette||March 12, 162 CE||18.104.22.168.17||https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/1d/Tuxtla_Statuette.svg/250px-Tuxtla_Statuette.svg.png|
|Tikal||Stela 29||July 8, 292 AD||22.214.171.124.15| 13 Men 3 Zip||Mexico|
|Copan||Stela 15||AD 504?||Copan has 8+? Stela’s with dates ranging from 504 AD to 761 AD. THIS IS YOUR BEST BET OF DECODING MAYAN DATES.|
Read its history at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cop%C3%A1n#Rulers
|Copan||Stela P||March 623 AD||126.96.36.199.0, 2 Ajaw 13 Pop||https://uncoveredhistory.com/honduras/copan/the-stelae-of-copan/attachment/w1067-copan-stela-p-2/|
|Copan||Stela N||17th March 761AD||188.8.131.52.0 1 Ahau 3 Sip||https://uncoveredhistory.com/honduras/copan/the-stelae-of-copan/attachment/w1105-copan-stela-n-side-view-slim-2/|
|Yaxchilán, Chiapas||Lintel 37||5 July AD 534||184.108.40.206.0, 11 Ahaw 8 Sek||http://research.famsi.org/uploads/montgomery/hires/jm01537yaxlin37.jpg|
|Tikal||Alter 14||March 16, 692 AD||220.127.116.11.0 | 8 Ajaw 8 Wo||http://research.famsi.org/uploads/montgomery/292/image/JM000713TikT1Alt14.jpg|
|Tonina||Monument 101||January 15, 909 AD||? 10.4.0.0.0. ????||https://external-content.duckduckgo.com/iu/?u=https%3A%2F%2Ftse4.mm.bing.net%2Fth%3Fid%3DOIP.Trbe2hynkEumla1Urmwm6AAAAA%26pid%3DApi&f=1|
last Long Count date in the Classic Maya lowlands.
|Chichen Itza||SE Pillar||May 6, AD 998 and Jan. 30, AD 998||10.8.10.11.0| 2 Ajaw 18 Mol and 10.8.10.6.4|10 K’an 2 Sotz||No Longcount, only solar round date. says. ’10 K’an [the] day, 2 Sotz’, eleventh tun [of K’atun] 2 Ajaw’. Only fit is that date. See great article at:|
|Tortuguero||Monument 6||December 23, 2012||18.104.22.168.0 4| Ajaw 3 K’ank’in||https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/7f/Estela_6_el_Tortuguero.jpg|
|La Corona||HS 2, Block V||December 23, 2012||22.214.171.124.0 4 Ajaw 3 K’ank’in||http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-zM2HrRL-BC0/UOChmLSOsjI/AAAAAAAABPI/hfs4jsySyYk/s1600/MNU2012-12-30_04_June-2012_La-Corona_Hieroglyphic-Stairway-2_Block-V_IM-DavidStuart-PRALC-TU.jpg|
(more dates here?)
|Quirigua||Stela C||August 11, 3114 BCE||126.96.36.199.0|4|8||https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:East_side_of_stela_C,_Quirigua.PNG, WRONG DATE, CHECK ME!|
|Coba||Stela 1||December 23, 2012||188.8.131.52.0 | 4 Ahau 8 Kumkʼu||Places nineteen 13’s before this date for some reason. |
BEST Places to find dates. Relevant Publications.
- Recovering the Mesoamerican Practice of Time Keeping and Nightly Astrology. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/261362509_Glyph_G_and_the_Yohualteuctin_Recovering_the_Mesoamerican_Practice_of_Time_Keeping_and_Nightly_Astrology
- Super important paper showing counts for venus tables found in Xultun. http://www.latinamericanstudies.org/maya/maya-astronomical-tables.pdf
- Radiocarbon dates at Chichenitza seem to match with the calendar round (not long count) dates found at the site. Research it at: https://www.academia.edu/7770526/Beniamino_Volta_and_Geoffrey_E_Braswell_Alternative_Narratives_and_Missing_Data_Refining_the_Chronology_of_Chichen_Itza_
External Links/Find more information at:
- https://design-of-time.com/squared.htm (great descriptions of many Jewish cycles)
- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1qLraLs8Y14 (Aztec Solar Round groupings)
Notes Concerning Ancient Calendars from Oahspe
This background information from the text ‘Oahspe’ is very insightful when it comes to making assumptions about possible ancient calendar systems. Of particular note are the ideas that many cultures (like the Israelites) combined the calendars of surrounding cultures in order to create ‘short and long’ count calendars (ie. the ‘prophetic calendars spoken of in other parts of the text). As well as some cultures counting ‘two years’ to the same amount of time that other cultures called ‘one year’ (Note that Ixololtecl does this). As also, its ‘creation cosmology’ is insightful when comparing this type of ancient reasoning to the cosmology we find in Mayan myth and/or ancient books like The Kolbrin.
2. And he placed the sun in the midst and made lines thence to the stars, with explanations of the powers of the seasons on all the living.
3. And he gave the times of Jehovah, the four hundred years of the ancients, and the halftimes of dan, the base [number] of prophecy; the variations of thirty-three years; the times of eleven; and the seven and a half times of the vortices [orbits/frequencies] of the stars, so that the seasons might be foretold, and famines averted on the earth. (Oahspe, Book of Osiris, XII)
…The times by the learned gave two suns to a year, but the times of the tribes of Eustia gave only six months to a year. Accordingly, in the land of Egypt what was one year with the learned was two years with the Eustians and Semisians.
3.God said: My people shall reckon their times according to the place and the people where they dwell. And they did this. Hence, even the tribes of Israel had two calendars of time, the long and the short.
To events of prophecy there was also another calendar, called the ode, signifying sky-time, or heavenly times. One ode was equivalent to eleven long years; three odes, one spell, signifying a generation; eleven spells one Tuff. Thothma, the learned man and builder of the great pyramid, had said: As a diameter is to a circle, and as a circle is to a diameter, so are the rules of the seasons of the earth. For the heat or the cold, or the drouth or the wet, no matter, the sum of one eleven years is equivalent to the sum of another eleven years. One spell is equivalent to the next eleventh spell. And one cycle matcheth every eleventh cycle. Whoever will apply these rules to the earth shall truly prophesy as to drouth and famine and pestilence, save wherein man contraveneth by draining or irrigation. And if he apply himself to find the light and the darkness of the earth, these rules are sufficient. For as there are three hundred and sixty-three years in one tuff, so are there three hundred and sixty-three days in one year, besides the two days and a quarter when the sun standeth still on the north and south lines.
In consequence of these three calendars, the records of Egupt were in confusion. The prophecies and genealogies of man became worthless. And as to measurements, some were by threes, some by tens, and some by twelves; and because of the number of languages, the measurements became confounded; so that with all the great learning of the Eguptians, and with all the care bestowed on the houses of records, they became even themselves the greatest confounding element of all. (Oahspe, Book of Arc of Bon, XIV)
4. And from this time forth My spiritual (etherean) hosts shall not remain in heaven (atmospherea) more than eight years in any one cycle. This, then, that I give to thee shall be like every dawn of dan, some of one year, some of two or three or four or more (years), as the time requireth.
5. And thou shalt dwell in thy kingdom seven years and sixty days, and the time shall be called the first dawn of dan, and the next succeeding shall be called the second dawn of dan, and so on, as long as the earth bringeth forth.
6. And the time from one dawn of dan to another shall be called one dan’ha; and four dan’ha shall be called one square, because this is the sum of one density, which is twelve thousand of the earth’s years. And twelve squares shall be called one cube, which is the first dividend of the third space, in which there is no variation in the vortex (whirlwind) of the earth. And four cubes shall be called one sum, because the magnitude thereof embraceth one equal of the Great Serpent. (Oahspe, Book of Ah’shong, II)
Oahspe suggests that the ancients appear to have created ‘Galactic prophetic calendars’, where they extrapolated the short term ratios of a day, week, month, year into cosmic ages. They believed to understand (through revelation) the time it took of the Solar system to orbit the Galactic core, calling it the ‘celestial serpent’ (see Oahspe, ref, ref). The epochs were tied to the 11 year solar cycle, which they believed caused the weather (and other events) to repeat on a 33 or 33×11 year cycle. This formed the basis of their galactic solar cycle calendars.
|6 gen.||7.5 dans||4 dan’ha||12 sqrs||4 cubes|
|1 dan||1 dan’ha||1 square||1 cube||1 sum|
- 1 Generation = [could be 11 to 100 years; ~33 years]
- 1 Dan = 6 Generations [33×6= ~198 years] [mean = 400 years]
- 1 Dan’ha = 7.5 Dans [231×7= ~1386 years] [mean = 3,000 years]
- 1 Square = 4 Dan’has [1617×4= 5,544 years] [mean = 12,000]
- 1 Cube = 12 Squares [6,468×12= 66,528 years] [mean = 144,000]
- 1 Sum = 4 Cubes [77,616×4= 266,112 years] [mean = 576,000]
- 1 galactic year = 4.7 million years
- 1 dan = ~428 years (400 years)
- -about 10,980 dans in a galactic orbit/year. (a lot like an hour in a solar year; there’s 8760hrs/year)
- -about 391 squares in a galactic year (fairly similar to our 365 days in a solar year)